Username   Password       Forgot your password?  Forgot your username? 

Lightweight of Artificial Bone Models Utilizing Porous Structures and 3D Printing

Volume 13, Number 5, September 2017 - Paper 8  - pp. 633-642
DOI: 10.23940/ijpe.17.05.p8.633642

Shengfa Wanga, Lichao Zhoua, Zhongxuan Luoa, Yongxuan Wangb, Xuanshen Wangc,*

aDUT-RU International School of Information and Software Engineering, and Key Laboratory for Ubiquitous Network and Service Software of Liaoning Province at Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116620, China
bChina Orthopedic laboratory, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian 116001, China
cSecond Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023, China

(Submitted on May 1, 2017; Revised on July 8, 2017; Accepted on August 27, 2017)


The lightweight of artificial bone models is one of the most important and challenging topics in the precision medicine (individualized medicine), and porous structures are the first choice to achieve the lightweight. This paper presents a porous structure based lightweight framework of artificial bones, and it consists of porous analysis, modeling and optimization of lightweight, and practical validation. Specially, firstly, the triply periodic minimal surface (TPMS) is exploited to design the porous structures of lightweight. Secondly, a modeling of lightweight is constructed according to the stress condition and the geometric analysis, then, an optimal solution of the lightweight model can be obtained using the finite element analysis. Finally, the 3D printing is utilized to manufacture the lightweight models, which will be further used for practical verification and feedback correction. The experiments show that the lightweight bone models not only meet the specified requirements, such as fully-connected porous structures and conditions of external force, but also have obvious advantages in terms of structure stability, lightweight controllability and individual compatibility, which are ideal for the personalized precision medicine.


References: 37

    1. M. Afshar, A.P. Anaraki, H. Montazerian, and J. Kadkhodapourand, “Additive Manufacturing and Mechanical Characterization of Graded Porosity Scaffolds Designed based on Triply Periodic Minimal Surface Architectures,” Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials,  vol. 62, pp. 481-494, 2016
    2. S. Agneessens and H. Rogier, “Compact Half Diamond Dual-band Textile HMSIW on-body Antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 2374-2381, 2014
    3. G. Antonius, S. Poncé, P. Boulanger, M. Côté, and X. Gonze, “Many-body Effects on the Zero-point Renormalization of the Band Structure,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 112, no. 21, pp. 215501, 2014
    4. M. Bendsoe and O. Sigmund, “Topology Optimization: Theory, Methods, and Applications,” Springer Science & Business Media, Springer, Netherlands, 2013
    5. M. P. Boneschanscher, W. H. Evers, J. J. Geuchies, T. Altantzis, B. Goris, F. T. Rabouw,, and I. Swart, “Long-range Orientation and Atomic Attachment of Nanocrystals in 2D Honeycomb Superlattices,” Science, vol. 344, no. 6190, pp. 1377-1380, 2014
    6. S. Bose, S. Vahabzadeh, and A. Bandyopadhyay, “Bone Tissue Engineering using 3D Printing,” Materials Today, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 496-504, 2013
    7. O. Castro, J. M. Silva, T. Devezas, A. Silva, and L. Gil, “Cork Agglomerates as an Ideal Core Material in Lightweight Structures,” Materials & Design, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 425-432, 2010
    8. B. Chen, M. Eddaoudi, S. T. Hyde, M. O'keeffe, and O. Yaghi, “M.Interwoven Metal-organic Framework on a Periodic Minimal Surface with Extra-large Pores,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5506, pp. 1021-1023, 2001
    9. S. Y. Choy, C. N. Sun, K. F. Leong, K. E. Tan, and J. Wei, “Functionally Graded Material by Additive Manufacturing,” The 2nd Internal Conference on Progress in Additive Manufacturing, pp. 206-211, Singapore, May, 2016
    10. C. Chua and K. Leong, “3d Printing and Additive Manufacturing: Principles and Applications (with Companion Media Pack) of Rapid Prototyping,”  World scientific publishing co inc, Singapore, 2014
    11. E. Dumont, “Bone Density and the Lightweight Skeletons of Birds,” The Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, vol. 277, no. 1691, pp. 2193–2198, 2010
    12. E. Hammel, O. Ighodaro, and O. Okoli, “Processing and Properties of Advanced Porous Ceramics: An Application based Review,” Ceramics International,  vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 15351-15370, 2014
    13. B. He, W. Tang, S. Huang, S. Hou,  and H. Cai, “Towards Low-carbon Product Architecture using Structural Optimization for Lightweight,” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 83, no. 5-8, pp. 1419-1429, 2016
    14. K. Hu, S. Jin, C. Wang, “Support Slimming for Single Material based Additive Manufacturing,” Computer-Aided Design, vol. 65, pp. 1–10, 2015
    15. J. A. Inzana, D. Olvera, S. M. Fuller,  J. P. Kelly,  O. A. Graeve, E. M. Schwarz, L. K. Stephen, and H. A. Awad, “3D Printing of Composite Calcium Phosphate and Collagen Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration,” Biomaterials, vol.35, no.13, pp. 4026-4034, 2014
    16. C. Kamal and M. Ezawa, “Arsenene: Two-dimensional Buckled and Puckered Honeycomb Arsenic Systems,” Physical Review B, vol. 91, no. 8, pp. 085423, 2015
    17. M. Kazumi, Y. Kasai, and Y. Omiya, “Honeycomb Structure,” Patent, 9,506,391, USA, November, 2016
    18. N. Lei, X. Zheng, J. Jiang, Y. Y. Lin, and D. X. Gu, “Quadrilateral and Hexahedral Mesh Generation based on Surface Foliation Theory,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 316, no. 1, pp. 758–781, 2017
    19. Q. Lian, D. Li, and Y. Zhang, “New Type of Artificial Bone Scaffold Structure and Function,” Journal of Mechanical Engineering, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 121-125, 2006
    20. H. Lipson and M. Kurman, “Fabricated: The New World of 3D Printing,” 1st Edition, Wiley Publishing, USA, 2013
    21. L. Liu, Y. Zhang, T. J. Hughes, M. A. Scott, and T. W. Sederberg, “Volumetric T-spline Construction using Boolean Operations,” Engineering with Computers, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 425-439, 2014
    22. L. Lu, A. Sharf, H. Zhao, Y. Wei, Q. N. Fan, X. L. Chen, Y. Savoye, C. H. Tu, D. Cohen-Or, and B. Q. Chen, “Build-to-last: Strength to Weight 3D Printed Objects,” ACM Transactions on Graphics, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 97:1-10, 2014
    23. M. Maier, D. Siegel, K. D. Thoben, N. Niebuhr, and C. Hamm, “Transfer of Natural Micro Structures to Bionic Lightweight Design Proposals,” Journal of Bionic Engineering, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 469-478, 2013
    24. S. K. Moon, Y. E. Tan, J. Hwang, and Y. J. Yoon, “Application of 3D printing Technology for Designing Light-weight Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Wing Structures,” International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing- Green Technology, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 223-228, 2014
    25. N. A. Palmer, A. J. Saathoff, C. M. Tobias, P. Twigg, Y. N. Xia, K. P. Vogel, S. Madhavan, S. E. Sattler, and G. Sarath, “Contrasting Metabolism in Perenniating Structures of Upland and Lowland Switch Grass Plants Late in the Growing Season,” PloS one, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 105-138, 2014
    26. C. Parlett, K. Wilson, A. F. Lee, “Hierarchical Porous Materials: Catalytic Applications,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 3876-3893, 2013
    27. P. E. Petrochenko, J. Torgersen, P. Gruber, L. A. Hicks, J. W. Zheng, G. Kumar, R. J. Narayan, P. L. Goering, R. Liska, J. Stampfl, and A. Ovsianikov, “Laser 3D Printing with Sub-microscale Resolution of Porous Elastomeric Scaffolds for Supporting Human Bone Stem Cells,” Advanced healthcare materials, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 739-747, 2015
    28. R. Prévost, E. Whiting, S. Lefebvre, and O. Sorkine-Hornung, “Make It Stand: Balancing Shapes for 3D Fabrication,” ACM Transactions on Graphics, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 81:1-10, 2013
    29. J. Reddy, “An Introduction to Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis: with Applications to Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, and Solid Mechanics,” OUP Oxford, USA, 2014
    30. G. Robinson, S. Austin, and A. Palmeri, “Adoption of Artificial Lightweight Aggregate in Precast Manufacture,” Magazine of Concrete Research, vol. 65, no. 19, pp. 1173-1186, 2013
    31. N. Sudarmadji, J. Y. Tan, K. F. Leong, C. K. Chua, and Y. T. Loh, “Investigation of the Mechanical Properties and Porosity Relationships in Selective Laser-sintered Polyhedral for Functionally Graded Scaffolds,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 530-537, 2011
    32. W. Wang, T. Wang, Z. Yang, L. Liu, X. Tong, W. Tong, J. Deng, F. Chen, and X. Liu, “Cost-effective Printing of 3D Objects with Skin-frame Structures,” ACM Transactions on Graphics, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 177:1-10, 2013
    33. C. Yan, L. Hao, A. Hussein, and P. Young, “Ti–6Al–4V Triply Periodic Minimal Surface Structures for Bone Implants Fabricated via Selective Laser Melting,” Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, vol. 51, pp. 61-73, 2015
    34. N. Yang, Z. Quan,  D. Zhang, and Y. Tian, “Multi-morphology Transition Hybridization CAD Design of Minimal Surface Porous Structures for Use in Tissue Engineering,” Computer-Aided Design, vol. 56, pp. 11-21, 2014
    35. D. Yoo, “Heterogeneous Minimal Surface Porous Scaffold Design using the Distance Field and Radial Basis Functions,” Medical Engineering & Physics, vol. 34, no. 5, pp.  625-639, 2012
    36. Q. Zhang, X. Yang, P. Li, G. Huang, S. Feng, C. Shen, B. Han, X. Zhang, F. Jin, F. Xu, and T. J. Lu, “Bioinspired Engineering of Honeycomb Structure–Using Nature to Inspire Human Innovation,” Progress in Materials Science, vol. 74, pp. 332-400, 2015
    37. L. Zhu, Y. Dong, S. Hampshire, S. Cerneaux, and L. Winnubst, “Waste-to-resource Preparation of a Porous Ceramic Membrane Support Featuring Elongated Mullite Whiskers with Enhanced Porosity and Permeance,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 711-721, 2015



      Click here to download the paper.

      Please note : You will need Adobe Acrobat viewer to view the full articles.Get Free Adobe Reader

      This site uses encryption for transmitting your passwords.