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Efficiency Measures of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Bioremediation Process Through Ecotoxicological Tests

Volume 10, Number 4, June 2014 - Paper 8 - pp. 411-418

ROSA A. NASTRO1, ANTONIO SUGLIA2, VINCENZO PASQUALE1, MARIA TOSCANESI3, MARCO TRIFUOGGI3, MARCO GUIDA2

1 Parthenope University of Naples, Department of Science and Technology,   Naples, ITALY
2 Federico II University of Naples, Department of Biology, Naples, ITALY
3 Federico II University of Naples, Department of Chemical Sciences Naples, ITALY

(Received on Sept.13, 2013, revised on Nov.21 and Nov.28, 2013, and finally on Feb.06, 2014)

Abstract:

An ecotoxicological approach is used to assess the efficiency of an in-batch bioremediation process in reducing environmental toxicity of a soil polluted with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). Microbial strains, able to use PAHs as a sole source of carbon, were added to a soil artificially contaminated with naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, pyrene, and benzo[a]pyrene, with concentrations ranging from 0.4 to 0.1 mg/g. A phytoxicity test (Lepidium sativum) a chronic assay (Ceriodaphnia dubia) and acute assays (Daphnia magna, Artemia salina and Ceriodaphnia dubia) were performed after by incubating soil spiked with selected microbial strains and PHAs for 2 months. PAHs concentration was measured monthly by High Pressure Liquid Cromatography. A decrement of PHAs was observed as result of microbial metabolism. The obtained data showed a positive correlation with the decrement of PAHs for acute and phytotoxicity tests, while an opposite result was observed for chronic assays. The opportunity to implement ecotoxicological assays in the evaluation of remediation process efficiency is discussed.

 

References: 21

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