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Effect of Creating Turbulence on the Performance of Catalytic Converter

Volume 12, Number 2, March 2016 - Paper 2  - pp. 115-120

MANTHAN KUMAR, MOHIT BHANDWAL, MANISH SHARMA, ANMOL VERMA, UTKARSH SRIVASTAVA and RAM K. TYAGI

Amity University Uttar Pradesh, INDIA

(Received on July 25, 2015, Revised on October 29, 2015)

Abstract:

This paper presents the effects of implementing turbulence device on the effectiveness of catalytic converter which represents the reduction in pollution rate through vehicles by minimizing the harmful emissions. This effectiveness basically deals with the rate of redox reactions of exhaust gases with the catalysts present inside the catalytic converter such as palladium (Pd), platinum (Pt) and rhodium (Rh). Chief purpose of the turbulence is to increase the catalytic reactions in the catalytic converter for cleaner emissions. Devices used are designed in such a manner that they don?t cause any backpressure on the combustion system that might affect the engine performance. By creating turbulence just before the catalytic converter, it creates high degree of randomness in the exhaust gases particles and due to this random movement they face larger contact area with the catalysts inside the catalytic converter and thus improves the effectiveness of the catalytic converter by increasing the rate of redox reactions. Different sets of readings has been recorded by noting down the pre and post position temperatures of the catalytic converter at different engine speeds and analyzed to obtain the best out of the designed turbulence devices.

 

References: 17

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